Welcome to the third and final part of this chapter.submitted by getmrmarket to Forex [link] [comments]
Thank you all for the 100s of comments and upvotes - maybe this post will take us above 1,000 for this topic!
Keep any feedback or questions coming in the replies below.
Before you read this note, please start with Part I and then Part II so it hangs together and makes sense.
Squeezes and other risksWe are going to cover three common risks that traders face: events; squeezes, asymmetric bets.
EventsEconomic releases can cause large short-term volatility. The most famous is Non Farm Payrolls, which is the most widely watched measure of US employment levels and affects the price of many instruments.On an NFP announcement currencies like EURUSD might jump (or drop) 100 pips no problem.
This is fine and there are trading strategies that one may employ around this but the key thing is to be aware of these releases.You can find economic calendars all over the internet - including on this site - and you need only check if there are any major releases each day or week.
For example, if you are trading off some intraday chart and scalping a few pips here and there it would be highly sensible to go into a known data release flat as it is pure coin-toss and not the reason for your trading. It only takes five minutes each day to plan for the day ahead so do not get caught out by this. Many retail traders get stopped out on such events when price volatility is at its peak.
SqueezesShort squeezes bring a lot of danger and perhaps some opportunity.
The story of VW and Porsche is the best short squeeze ever. Throughout these articles we've used FX examples wherever possible but in this one instance the concept (which is also highly relevant in FX) is best illustrated with an historical lesson from a different asset class.
A short squeeze is when a participant ends up in a short position they are forced to cover. Especially when the rest of the market knows that this participant can be bullied into stopping out at terrible levels, provided the market can briefly drive the price into their pain zone.
There's a reason for the car, don't worry
Hedge funds had been shorting VW stock. However the amount of VW stock available to buy in the open market was actually quite limited. The local government owned a chunk and Porsche itself had bought and locked away around 30%. Neither of these would sell to the hedge-funds so a good amount of the stock was un-buyable at any price.
If you sell or short a stock you must be prepared to buy it back to go flat at some point.
To cut a long story short, Porsche bought a lot of call options on VW stock. These options gave them the right to purchase VW stock from banks at slightly above market price.
Eventually the banks who had sold these options realised there was no VW stock to go out and buy since the German government wouldn’t sell its allocation and Porsche wouldn’t either. If Porsche called in the options the banks were in trouble.
Porsche called in the options which forced the shorts to buy stock - at whatever price they could get it.
The price squeezed higher as those that were short got massively squeezed and stopped out. For one brief moment in 2008, VW was the world’s most valuable company. Shorts were burned hard.
Porsche apparently made $11.5 billion on the trade. The BBC described Porsche as “a hedge fund with a carmaker attached.”
If this all seems exotic then know that the same thing happens in FX all the time. If everyone in the market is talking about a key level in EURUSD being 1.2050 then you can bet the market will try to push through 1.2050 just to take out any short stops at that level. Whether it then rallies higher or fails and trades back lower is a different matter entirely.
This brings us on to the matter of crowded trades. We will look at positioning in more detail in the next section. Crowded trades are dangerous for PNL. If everyone believes EURUSD is going down and has already sold EURUSD then you run the risk of a short squeeze.
For additional selling to take place you need a very good reason for people to add to their position whereas a move in the other direction could force mass buying to cover their shorts.
A trading mentor when I worked at the investment bank once advised me:
Always think about which move would cause the maximum people the maximum pain. That move is precisely what you should be watching out for at all times.
Asymmetric lossesAlso known as picking up pennies in front of a steamroller. This risk has caught out many a retail trader. Sometimes it is referred to as a "negative skew" strategy.
Ideally what you are looking for is asymmetric risk trade set-ups: that is where the downside is clearly defined and smaller than the upside. What you want to avoid is the opposite.
A famous example of this going wrong was the Swiss National Bank de-peg in 2012.
The Swiss National Bank had said they would defend the price of EURCHF so that it did not go below 1.2. Many people believed it could never go below 1.2 due to this. Many retail traders therefore opted for a strategy that some describe as ‘picking up pennies in front of a steam-roller’.
They would would buy EURCHF above the peg level and hope for a tiny rally of several pips before selling them back and keep doing this repeatedly. Often they were highly leveraged at 100:1 so that they could amplify the profit of the tiny 5-10 pip rally.
Then this happened.
Something that changed FX markets forever
The SNB suddenly did the unthinkable. They stopped defending the price. CHF jumped and so EURCHF (the number of CHF per 1 EUR) dropped to new lows very fast. Clearly, this trade had horrific risk : reward asymmetry: you risked 30% to make 0.05%.
Other strategies like naively selling options have the same result. You win a small amount of money each day and then spectacularly blow up at some point down the line.
Market positioningWe have talked about short squeezes. But how do you know what the market position is? And should you care?
Let’s start with the first. You should definitely care.
Let’s imagine the entire market is exceptionally long EURUSD and positioning reaches extreme levels. This makes EURUSD very vulnerable.
To keep the price going higher EURUSD needs to attract fresh buy orders. If everyone is already long and has no room to add, what can incentivise people to keep buying? The news flow might be good. They may believe EURUSD goes higher. But they have already bought and have their maximum position on.
On the flip side, if there’s an unexpected event and EURUSD gaps lower you will have the entire market trying to exit the position at the same time. Like a herd of cows running through a single doorway. Messy.
We are going to look at this in more detail in a later chapter, where we discuss ‘carry’ trades. For now this TRYJPY chart might provide some idea of what a rush to the exits of a crowded position looks like.
A carry trade position clear-out in action
Knowing if the market is currently at extreme levels of long or short can therefore be helpful.
The CFTC makes available a weekly report, which details the overall positions of speculative traders “Non Commercial Traders” in some of the major futures products. This includes futures tied to deliverable FX pairs such as EURUSD as well as products such as gold. The report is called “CFTC Commitments of Traders” ("COT").
This is a great benchmark. It is far more representative of the overall market than the proprietary ones offered by retail brokers as it covers a far larger cross-section of the institutional market.
Generally market participants will not pay a lot of attention to commercial hedgers, which are also detailed in the report. This data is worth tracking but these folks are simply hedging real-world transactions rather than speculating so their activity is far less revealing and far more noisy.
You can find the data online for free and download it directly here.
Raw format is kinda hard to work with
However, many websites will chart this for you free of charge and you may find it more convenient to look at it that way. Just google “CFTC positioning charts”.
But you can easily get visualisations
You can visually spot extreme positioning. It is extremely powerful.
Bear in mind the reports come out Friday afternoon US time and the report is a snapshot up to the prior Tuesday. That means it is a lagged report - by the time it is released it is a few days out of date. For longer term trades where you hold positions for weeks this is of course still pretty helpful information.
As well as the absolute level (is the speculative market net long or short) you can also use this to pick up on changes in positioning.
For example if bad news comes out how much does the net short increase? If good news comes out, the market may remain net short but how much did they buy back?
A lot of traders ask themselves “Does the market have this trade on?” The positioning data is a good method for answering this. It provides a good finger on the pulse of the wider market sentiment and activity.
For example you might say: “There was lots of noise about the good employment numbers in the US. However, there wasn’t actually a lot of position change on the back of it. Maybe everyone who wants to buy already has. What would happen now if bad news came out?”
In general traders will be wary of entering a crowded position because it will be hard to attract additional buyers or sellers and there could be an aggressive exit.
If you want to enter a trade that is showing extreme levels of positioning you must think carefully about this dynamic.
Bet correlationRetail traders often drastically underestimate how correlated their bets are.
Through bitter experience, I have learned that a mistake in position correlation is the root of some of the most serious problems in trading. If you have eight highly correlated positions, then you are really trading one position that is eight times as large.
Bruce Kovner of hedge fund, Caxton Associates
For example, if you are trading a bunch of pairs against the USD you will end up with a simply huge USD exposure. A single USD-trigger can ruin all your bets. Your ideal scenario — and it isn’t always possible — would be to have a highly diversified portfolio of bets that do not move in tandem.
Look at this chart. Inverted USD index (DXY) is green. AUDUSD is orange. EURUSD is blue.
Chart from TradingView
So the whole thing is just one big USD trade! If you are long AUDUSD, long EURUSD, and short DXY you have three anti USD bets that are all likely to work or fail together.
The more diversified your portfolio of bets are, the more risk you can take on each.
There’s a really good video, explaining the benefits of diversification from Ray Dalio.
A systematic fund with access to an investable universe of 10,000 instruments has more opportunity to make a better risk-adjusted return than a trader who only focuses on three symbols. Diversification really is the closest thing to a free lunch in finance.
But let’s be pragmatic and realistic. Human retail traders don’t have capacity to run even one hundred bets at a time. More realistic would be an average of 2-3 trades on simultaneously. So what can be done?
The key thing is to start thinking about a portfolio of bets and what each new trade offers to your existing portfolio of risk. Will it diversify or amplify a current exposure?
Crap trades, timeouts and monthly limitsOne common mistake is to get bored and restless and put on crap trades. This just means trades in which you have low conviction.
It is perfectly fine not to trade. If you feel like you do not understand the market at a particular point, simply choose not to trade.
Flat is a position.
Do not waste your bullets on rubbish trades. Only enter a trade when you have carefully considered it from all angles and feel good about the risk. This will make it far easier to hold onto the trade if it moves against you at any point. You actually believe in it.
Equally, you need to set monthly limits. A standard limit might be a 10% account balance stop per month. At that point you close all your positions immediately and stop trading till next month.
Be strict with yourself and walk away
Let’s assume you started the year with $100k and made 5% in January so enter Feb with $105k balance. Your stop is therefore 10% of $105k or $10.5k . If your account balance dips to $94.5k ($105k-$10.5k) then you stop yourself out and don’t resume trading till March the first.
Having monthly calendar breaks is nice for another reason. Say you made a load of money in January. You don’t want to start February feeling you are up 5% or it is too tempting to avoid trading all month and protect the existing win. Each month and each year should feel like a clean slate and an independent period.
Everyone has trading slumps. It is perfectly normal. It will definitely happen to you at some stage. The trick is to take a break and refocus. Conserve your capital by not trading a lot whilst you are on a losing streak. This period will be much harder for you emotionally and you’ll end up making suboptimal decisions. An enforced break will help you see the bigger picture.
Put in place a process before you start trading and then it’ll be easy to follow and will feel much less emotional. Remember: the market doesn’t care if you win or lose, it is nothing personal.
When your head has cooled and you feel calm you return the next month and begin the task of building back your account balance.
That's a wrap on risk managementThanks for taking time to read this three-part chapter on risk management. I hope you enjoyed it. Do comment in the replies if you have any questions or feedback.
Remember: the most important part of trading is not making money. It is not losing money. Always start with that principle. I hope these three notes have provided some food for thought on how you might approach risk management and are of practical use to you when trading. Avoiding mistakes is not a sexy tagline but it is an effective and reliable way to improve results.
Next up I will be writing about an exciting topic I think many traders should look at rather differently: news trading. Please follow on here to receive notifications and the broad outline is below.
News Trading Part I
Disclaimer:This content is not investment advice and you should not place any reliance on it. The views expressed are the author's own and should not be attributed to any other person, including their employer.
The Report from Iron MountainThe Report from Iron Mountain is a book, published in 1967 (during the Johnson Administration) by Dial Press, that states that it is the report of a government panel.
"The colonies suffered a constant shortage of currency with which to conduct trade. There were no gold or silver mines and currency could only be obtained through trade as regulated by Great Britain. Many of the colonies felt no alternative to printing their own paper money in the form of Bills of Credit."The result was a true free market of currency - each bank competed, exchange rates fluctuated wildly, and merchants were hesitant to accept these notes as payment.
"The existing banks will, without a doubt, enter into arrangements for lending their agency, and the more favorable, as there will be a competition among them for it; whereas the bill delivers us up bound to the national bank, who are free to refuse all arrangement, but on their own terms, and the public not free, on such refusal, to employ any other bank" –Thomas Jefferson.Basically, the existing banks will fight over gaining favor with the central bank - rather than improving their performance relative to a free market.The profit margins associated with collusion would obviously outweigh the potential profits gained from legitimate business.
"If Knickerbocker Trust would falter, then Congress and the public would lose faith in all trust companies and banks would stand to gain, the bankers reasoned."In timing with natural economic cycles, major banks including J.P. Morgan and Chase launched an all-out assault on Heinze's Knickerbocker Trust.
"During the Panic of 1907, "Depositors 'run' on the Knickerbocker Bank. J.P. Morgan and James Stillman of First National City Bank (Citibank) act as a "central bank," providing liquidity ... [to stop the bank run] President Theodore Roosevelt provides Morgan with $25 million in government funds ... to control the panic. Morgan, acting as a one-man central bank, decides which firms will fail and which firms will survive."How did JP Morgan get so powerful that the government would provide them with funding to increase their power? They had key influence with positions inside the Administrations.
"...it would have been fatal to Senator Aldrich's plan to have it known that he was calling on anybody from Wall Street to help him in preparing his bill...I do not feel it is any exaggeration to speak of our secret expedition to Jekyll Island as the occasion of the actual conception of what eventually became the Federal Reserve System."At Jekyll Island, the true draftsman for the Federal Reserve was Paul Warburg. The plan was simple.
America - From Freedom to Fascism The Money Masters Monopoly Men (below video):VID
https://preview.redd.it/8xclw78vdxt41.jpg?width=294&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=59181d876b45b3a7b5a7524454f4dae6baf65dfbsubmitted by ttsignals to u/ttsignals [link] [comments]
Already opened an account and ready to try your luck and polish your skill in Forex trading platforms? In case you are a newbie you have to take support of the expert trader to gain as much experience as possible. Even this will help you to be successful in the long run. But have you ever thought about the ways to start trading?
Probably, following trading style of any experienced trader will be really helpful and saves much energy and time as well. Moreover, you can come to learn several new as well as efficient trading strategies at the same time. Sounds great and pretty simple, right? But the troublesome is regarding the selection of the trustworthy Forex signal service provider.
While you are in trouble this blog is perfect for you! It entails the leading and best Forex trading signal service providers from both paid and free category. So what are you waiting for! Just go through it once to narrow your choice and select the most coherent one to enjoy trading.
1. JKonFXWhile you are hunting for a reliable as well as profitable online trading signals provider along with track record there is the team of JKonFX lead by Joel Kruger. This personality has a reputation in this type of trading with about 59.16% of journal performance for the year 2016.
He has offered real-time fundamental and technical insights and that too in an utmost transparency to its 30000 subscribers. Being the lower frequency trader, sending trading alert is only a minor part of this Forex trading signal provider. If it is about comparing numerous options to choose from then you may look for other reliable ones.
2. Forex SignalsSince its establishment in 2012, it is the top trading signals provider to provide 24-hour accessibility to the trading rooms and that too live. There you get the chance to observe the ways by which experienced trading coaches execute the trade and share the market action whenever it gets revealed in real time.
Besides signal service, it also offers access to the track record of the profits where investment can be made through the managed account. It is only signal provider that owns verified statistics independently on myfxbook. The link is also given to their respective live account of the master.
As it offers everything in such a transparent way, Forex trading by selecting this provider becomes much easier and profitable in the long run.
3. DDMarketsSince May, 2014, DDMarkets (Digital Derivatives Markets) is offering the trading alert services in the form of a detailed document regarding the respective trading ideas in utmost explicit manners. Its procedure is quite simple all you have to do is to perform an extensive research for sharing the analytics while delivering the triggered trading signal.
After its get issued, you will receive daily updates via email. It doesn’t bear floating of the open drawdown to put effort to make profit anyhow. This technique is only followed by the renowned providers for fudging the trading performances.
4. 1000pip BuilderThe leading trading signal provider is 1000pip Builder and is one of the few to offer independently verified and tracked results. It focuses on developing potential as well as consistent outcome with little to no drawdown. By following this strategy they are the only one to generate about 6000 pips in just 1 and half years.
Every complicated analytics (key component of the Forex trading) are done by the leading trader Bob. Whenever you take a trade via this trading signal provider, an instant message filled with other crucial pieces of information will be sent via SMS or email. Generally, it includes taking of profit level, stop loss and entry price so that these can be followed by you in an appropriate way.
5. Traders Academy ClubPreviously known as Vladimir Forex Signals, the Traders Academy Club is established in 2011. It offers standard signals which are sent to the traders via a specific Skype group or Email. But primarily it is an online Forex trading education centre.
As there isn’t any verified statistics statistically, it exhibits every previous signal and trade through which comparison will be much easier with your original outcome. Live trading experience and hundreds of educational trading videos are offered via this signal.
6. Forex Mentor ProPlay every day videos of the team of Forex Mentor Pro for listening into their insights of the market for upcoming weeks and days. Since its introduction in 2008, the team offers the accessibility to 3 trading systems by eradicating the necessity of the performance statistics. But step-by-step guide of the training videos will be posted so that you can attain the much-required speed.
7. Honest Forex SignalsSince 2011, Honest Forex Signal commences offering a trade copier signal service. It has developed a specific page dedicated to the trading statistics that comes with links for displaying the last return on the myfxbook. But it never link myfxbook directly and hence it doesn’t look so independent. However, certain good reviews have acquired by it on the web and several traders comment that its services are quite helpful.
8. Daily ForexApart from offering free signals, both video and written instructions are provided by it which makes it unique from others. It will interact with you regarding the ideas under the traders which things are important to look for to enter this market.
Other crucial pieces of information can be also gained on its site. This will be quite interesting if you still stuck to it on completion of trial period.
9. Baby PipsThis signal provider considers every trader as newbie and so offers detailed information in the “About Us” section. Even the information is really helpful to train the novice Forex traders. Also market signals and analysis is provided by them which can be easily founded under “Pick of the Day” section.
Its main motto is to teach the relevant reasons underneath every decision of trading so that you can become an expert one soon. Signals can be received via their posted blogs on the site via Facebook and Twitter.
10. Forex Peace ArmyThough it is popular for the recorded reviews on the Forex yet it offers a few free trading signals as well. It has a set up of its forum style where an article is posted every day filled with detailed instructions on the way to act on every particular bit of news on the basis of the immediate effects.
Even summary of the tradable news is posted on a weekly basis where you can come to know about what is coming up next week as well.
Verified statistics: No-free service offers market feedback
Technical Trading Signals is also there which can be your perfect trading partner as well. Even it offers both automated and manual system of sending notification to the traders via Telegram, Email, SMS and WhatsApp regarding every step of trading.
As it comprises of maximum risk it is not an ideal option for every investor. Every sort of leverage gets against your trading step. You may lose consecutively your investment as well. Financial advice is better to seek before starting trading.
|Price Action Attack Map||N/A ------------------------------|
|http://www.forexfactory.com/showthread.php?t=520423||FXLester's guide to price action|
|http://www.forexfactory.com/showthread.php?t=2331||James16's guide to price action|
|http://forums.babypips.com/free-forex-trading-systems/58037-price-action-matters.html||"Price Action That Matters by Aaron Kruger|
|https://www.forex4noobs.com/||Forex 4 noobs price action battle plan!|
|http://chartgame.com/||Personally, i think this is pure genius! I love it, it's an amazing way to brush up on your chart skills and it's actually pretty cool to see how things went. It throws a random chart at you and you have to day trade it, it'll tell you how you did versus a buy & hold strategy and... well it's just really really good!|
|https://jkonfx.com/||Technical & fundamental news on currencies. I would advise newer traders not to trade solely on external opinions because that won't cement your own methodology or reasons for trading. Excellent website for if you want an overview of the markets and daily reports. Also includes a trading journal and a lot of media attention.|
|http://www.stocktradingtogo.com/||A good blog for new traders/ investors. Lot of ‘top 10 lists’ to flick through.|
|http://www.tradingheroes.com/||This is absolutely amazing! I can't put a value on this! It's one of the best gems of the internet. Podcasts interviewing successful traders, some are notable such as 50pips, Walter Peters & Chris Kapre.|
|http://www.nobrainertrades.com/||Found this when doing the podcast link below, it's actually really good high quality stuff. Blog based with plenty of educational material.|
|http://www.chatwithtraders.com||A weekly podcast that interviews successful traders. Thank you gumballfrank for this.|
|http://ftp.traderkingdom.com/||Not had much of a chance to check this out, but first impression are nice!|
|http://www.forexlive.com||Heavily oriented towards fundamentals. Good news portal submitted by WinterTires thanks!|
|http://www.tradeciety.com/||Heavily visually oriented perfect for beginners! Lots of infographics and info. Submitted by gumballfrank|
|http://orderflowforex.com/||A blog that focuses on Personal Development as a trader. Absolutely essential. It'll help to focus you on your journey to trading omnipotence!|
|ONLINE SCHOOLS & LEARNING PORTALS||N/A -------------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|http://theinnercircletrader.com/Tutorials.htm||Best tutorials in the world by a secret trillionaire.|
|http://www.tradimo.com||A superb website dedicated to training people to become better investors traders for free.|
|http://www.babypips.com||One of the best free online schools which tracks your progress and teaches you heaps on information. The forum is the gem, where many people keep trade journals and put up their strategies. Don't copy them but borrowing concepts and ideas is good.|
|http://www.forexpeacearmy.com/forex-forum/forex-military-school-complete-forex-education-pro-banke||Unbelievably thorough! Education on forex trading, literally everything is covered.|
|http://stockcharts.com/school/doku.php?id=chart_school||Very wide ranging resource that focuses mainly on technical analysis.|
|http://www.investopedia.com||This should be a given, but seriously – this place is the Wikipedia of trading/ investing.|
|http://www.swing-trade-stocks.com/swing-trading-basics.html||Actually a really good learning resource that mentions psychology and momentum among other things.|
|http://thepatternsite.com/Psychology.html||Really good information on trading psychology – something that often goes unnoticed with beginners.|
|http://www.finvids.com/||Cool little website with videos on candle patterns and chart patterns.|
|http://www.fxacademy.com/||Appears to be a free trading academy. Not tried it personally, but it looks really good. With plenty of videos for visual learners.|
|http://forex-strategies-revealed.com/intro||PEOPLE IN NEED OF A STRATEGY CHECK THIS OUT List of strategies, literally everyone you'll ever need.|
|ARTICLES OF INTEREST||N/A -----------------------------------------------------------------------------|
|http://orderflowforex.com/2014/11/trading-books-proper-orde||There's a lot of information out there, it's overwhelming. You might think "Where the hell do I start?!" well here's your answer! The books you have to read... and in what order! Super important for beginners.|
|http://www.stocktradingtogo.com/2009/05/14/trading-psychology-stages-investor-emotions/||An article on the ’14 stages of investor emotions’ knowing who you are and what is happening to you can lead you to make more calculated decisions.|
|http://fourhourworkweek.com/2014/10/15/money-master-the-game/||Tim Ferris, author of The 4 Hour Work Week interviews Tony Robbins to find out the success behind the worlds best investors. Talking about morning routines, peak performance & mastering money!|
|http://www.tradeciety.com/category/trading-blog/||Best trading & investing blogs and articles as picked by tradeciety.com|
|http://www.forextradetracker.com/blog/understanding-forex-jargon-a-glossary-for-beginners||Forex jargon glossary for beginners. Submitted by gumballfrank|
|http://orderflowforex.com/order-flow-trading/what-is-order-flow-trading/||What is order flow trading? Essential for beginners|
|http://www.forexpeacearmy.com/||Excellent learning resource, main focus is to help avoid people getting scammed.|
|http://www.trade2win.com/boards/||Massive forum for beginners to talk to more experienced traders – very active community.|
|http://www.forexfactory.com/forum.php||Much like trade2win but more focused towards forex.|
|http://forums.babypips.com/||Another forum dedicated to forex traders. You'll find people keeping good strategies here, list them via most views first to find the real gems.|
|MISCELLANEOUS RESOURCES||N/A --------------------------------------------------------------------|
|http://www.forexfactory.com/showthread.php?t=520423||Some beast called Lester showing you how it is! Read this!|
|http://theinnercircletrader.com/Tutorials.htm||If you watch all of these you're already a millionaire!|
|http://www.forex-warez.com/Free%20Download/||Every book you could ever want on trading, investing, market psychology, strategies etc.|
|http://www.forextradetracker.com/||SUPER IMPORTANT This website is paramount to your success, still in development but will provide users with an easy way to document trades. Success is determined by your willingness to follow through with the boring bits so keep this one in your bookmarks.|
|http://www.hotcandlestick.com/candlestick-pattern-flashcard-game.html||Super useful Flashcard game that helps you to remember important candlestick patterns.|
|http://www.hotcandlestick.com/forex_charts.htm||Important candlestick patterns that have appeared on the major currency pairs. Good for a quick overview.|
|http://www.freeonlinetradingeducation.com/chart-school.html||Website offering visual illustration & practical applications of popular candlestick patterns.|
|http://www.hotcandlestick.com/candles.htm||Glossary of candlestick patterns.|
|http://www.incrediblecharts.com/topic/Technical_Analysis||Another resource for learning technical analysis. Not particularly thorough but useful for basic concepts.|
|http://www.forexschoolonline.com/||Market overviews and trading opportunity videos provided, along with educational videos and the like.|
|http://www.tradersdna.com/education/||Another trading education site focusing more on forex.|
The Lion King is a 2019 American photorealistic computer-animated musical drama film directed and produced by Jon Favreau, with a screenplay written by Jeff Nathanson, and produced by Walt Disney Pictures. It's a photorealistic computer-animated remake of Disney's traditionally animated 1994 film of the same name. The movie stars the voices of Donald Glover, Seth Rogen, Chiwetel Ejiofor, Alfre Woodard, Billy Eichner, John Kani, John Oliver and Beyoncé Knowles-Carter, in addition to James Earl Jones reprising his authentic position as Mufasa.submitted by Red-its to worldAds [link] [comments]
Plans for a remake of The Lion King have been confirmed in September 2016 following the success of the studio's The Jungle Book, additionally directed by Favreau. A lot of the principle forged signed in early 2017 and principal production started in mid-2017 on a blue screen stage in Los Angeles.
The movie is scheduled to be theatrically launched in America on July 19, 2019. It obtained blended evaluations, with the reward for its visible results and vocal performances, whereas receiving criticism for being extremely spinoff of the unique and the dearth of emoting within the animated lion characters relative to the unique.
Disney’s upcoming movie journeys to the African savanna the place a future king is born. Simba idolizes his father, King Mufasa, and takes to coronary heart his personal royal future. However, not everybody within the kingdom celebrates the brand new cub’s arrival. Scar, Mufasa’s brother—and former inheritor to the throne—has plans of his personal. The battle for Satisfaction Rock is ravaged with betrayal, tragedy and drama, finally leading to Simba’s exile. With an assist from a curious pair of newfound pals, Simba must determine to find out how to develop up and take again what's rightfully his.
✪✪✪✪✪ FOREX IN WORLD ✪✪✪✪✪_______________________________________________________________
Voice forgedForemost article: List of The Lion King characters
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Moreover, Penny Johnson Jerald voices Sarafina, Nala's mom. Amy Sedaris, Chance the Rapper and Josh McCrary voice a guinea fowl, a bush baby, and an elephant shrew, respectively, Timon and Pumbaa's neighbours within the jungle. Phil LaMarr voices an impala, whereas J. Lee voices a hyena.
GrowthOn September 28, 2016, Walt Disney Pictures confirmed that Jon Favreau can be directing a remake of the 1994 animated movie The Lion King, which might characteristic the songs from the 1994 movie, following a string of latest field workplace successes on the opposite Disney live-action remake movies comparable to Maleficent), Cinderella), Favreau's The Jungle Book) and Beauty and the Beast), with the latter three additionally incomes important reward.#citenote-15) On October 13, 2016, it was reported that Disney had employed Jeff Nathanson to write down the screenplay for the remake,[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-16) with the story written by Brenda Chapman, who was the unique movie's head of story.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-LionKingEverythingKnow-17)
In November, speaking with ComingSoon.net, Favreau mentioned the digital cinematography expertise he utilized in The Jungle Ebook can be used to a larger diploma in The Lion King.#citenote-18) Though the media reported The Lion King to be a live-action movie, it really makes use of photorealistic computer-generated animation. Disney additionally didn't describe it as live-action, solely stating it could comply with the "technologically groundbreaking" strategy of The Jungle Ebook.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-19) Whereas the movie acts as a remake of the 1994 animated movie, Favreau was impressed by the Broadway adaptation) of the movie for certain points of the remake's plot, notably Nala and Sarabi's roles.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-20) Favreau additionally aimed to develop his personal tackle the unique movie's story with what he mentioned was "the spectacle of a BBC wildlife documentary".[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-FavreauVideoGame-21)
This serves as the ultimate credit score for movie editor Mark Livolsi, who died in September 2018.#citenote-22) The movie is devoted to him.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-PressKit-1)
CastingIn mid-February 2017, Donald Glover was forged as Simba, with James Earl Jones reprising his position as Mufasa from the 1994 movie.#citenote-23) In April 2017, Billy Eichner and Seth Rogen have been forged to play Timon and Pumbaa respectively.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-24) In July 2017, John Oliver was forged as Zazu.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-OliverCast-25) In August 2017, Alfre Woodard and John Kani have been introduced to play Sarabi and Rafiki), respectively.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-26)[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-27)
Earlier in March 2017, it was introduced that Beyoncé was Favreau's best choice for the position of Nala) and that the director and studio can be keen to do no matter it took to accommodate her busy schedule.#citenote-28) In a while November 1, 2017, her position was confirmed in an official announcement,[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-29)[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-30) which additionally confirmed that Chiwetel Ejiofor would play the position of Scar), and introduced that Eric Andre, Florence Kasumba, and Keegan-Michael Key would be the voices of Azizi, Shenzi and Kamari whereas JD McCrary and Shahadi Wright Joseph would be the voices of younger Simba and younger Nala, respectively.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-31)[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-32)[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-33)[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-34)[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-35) In November 2018, Amy Sedaris was introduced as having been forged in a task created for the movie.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-36)
Visible resultsThe Moving Picture Company, the lead vendor on The Jungle Ebook, will present the visible results and so they'll be supervised by Robert Legato, Elliot Newman and Adam Valdez.#citenote-37) The movie will make the most of "virtual-reality instruments", per Visible Results Supervisor Rob Legato.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-LionKingD23-38) Digital Manufacturing Supervisor Girish Balakrishnan mentioned on his skilled web site that the filmmakers used motion capture and VR/applied sciences,[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-:1-39) with the manufacturing crew combining VR expertise with cameras so as to movie the remake in a VR-simulated environment.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-FavreauVideoGame-21) Sean Bailey, Disney's President of Manufacturing, referred to as the movie's visible results "a brand new type of filmmaking", and felt that "Historic definitions do not work", stating that "[it] makes use of some methods that will historically be referred to as animation, and different methods that will historically be referred to as live-action. It's an evolution of the expertise Jon [Favreau] utilized in Jungle Ebook".
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MusicForemost article: The Lion King (2019 soundtrack))
Hans Zimmer, who composed the 1994 animated model, would return to compose the rating for the remake.#citenote-41) Elton John additionally returned to transform his musical compositions from the unique movie earlier than his retirement,[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-42) with Beyoncé aiding John within the remodelling of the soundtrack.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-43) John, the unique movie's lyricist, Tim Rice, and Beyoncé additionally created a brand new track for the movie,[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-44) titled "Spirit)" and carried out by Beyoncé, which was launched on July 9, 2019, because of the lead single from the soundtrack.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-TheGift-45) John and Rice additionally wrote a brand new track for the movie's finish credit, titled "By no means Too Late" and carried out by John.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-Soundtrack-46) The movie additionally options all of the songs from the unique movie, a canopy of The Token's "The Lion Sleeps Tonight", and the track "He Lives in You" from Rhythm of the Satisfaction Lands and the Broadway manufacturing.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-Soundtrack-46)The soundtrack, that includes Zimmer's rating and John and Rice's songs, was launched digitally on July 11, 2019, and will likely be bodily on July 19, 2019.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-Soundtrack-46)
Beyoncé additionally produced and curated an album titled The Lion King: The Gift, which can characteristic "Spirit", in addition to songs impressed by the movie. The album is about to be launched on July 19, 2019.#cite_note-TheGift-45)
AdvertisingThe primary teaser trailer and the official teaser poster for The Lion King debuted throughout the annual Dallas Cowboys' Thanksgiving day came on November 22, 2018.#citenote-EWTeaser-47)[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-VarietyTeaser-48) The trailer was seen 224.6 million occasions in its first 24 hours, turning into the then 2nd most viewed trailer in that time period.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-TrailerViews-49) A particular sneak peek that includes John Kani's voice as Rafiki) and a brand new poster have been launched in the course of the 91st Academy Awards on February 24, 2019.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-50) On April 10, 2019, Disney launched the official trailer that includes new footage which revealed Scar), Zazu, Simba and Nala) (each as cubs and as adults), Sarabi, Rafiki), Timon and Pumbaa and the hyenas.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-51) The trailer was seen 174 million occasions in its first 24 hours, which was revealed on Disney's Investor Day 2019 Webcast.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-52) On Could 30, 2019, 11 particular person character posters have been launched.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-53) A particular sneak peek that includes Beyoncé, Billy Eichner, and Seth Rogen's voices as Nala), Timon, and Puma respectively, was launched on June 3, 2019.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-54) A particular sneak peek that includes Beyoncé and Donald Glover's voices as Simba and Nana singing) "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" and in addition that includes James Earl Jones' voice as Mufasa, was launched on June 20, 2019.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-55) On July 2, 2019, Disney launched an intensive behind-the-scenes featurette detailing the varied points of the movie's manufacturing together with seven publicity stills that include the voice actors going through their animal counterparts.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-56)
Shot-for-shot declareThe trailers of the movie led to a declaration of its being a shot-for-shot remake of Disney's 1994 movie. On December 23, 2018, Sean Bailey, Disney's President of Manufacturing, mentioned that whereas the movie will "revere and love these elements that the viewers desires", there will likely be "issues within the film which might be going to be new".#citenote-ScreenRant-40) On April 18, 2019, Favreau acknowledged that "some photographs within the 1994 animated movie are so iconic" he could not presumably change them, however "regardless of what the trailers counsel, this movie isn't just the identical film over once more",[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-57) and later mentioned "it is for much longer than the unique movie. And a part of what we're doing right here is to (give it extra dimension) not simply visually however each story smart and emotionally."[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-58) On Could 30, 2019, Favreau mentioned that a number of the humour and characterizations are being altered to be extra according to the remainder of the movie,[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-59) and this remake is making some adjustments in sure scenes from the unique movie, in addition to in its construction.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-FavreauVideoGame-21)On June 14, 2019, Favreau mentioned that, whereas the unique movie's fundamental plot factors will stay unchanged within the remake, the movie will largely diverge from the unique model, and hinted that the Elephant Graveyard, the hyenas' lair within the authentic movie, will likely be changed by a brand new location.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-DirectorHyenas-13) On July 5, 2019, the movie was revealed to have a 118 minutes period, making it roughly 30 minutes longer than the unique movie.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-60)
LaunchThe Lion King premiered in Hollywood on July 9, 2019.#citenote-61) The movie is scheduled to be theatrically launched in America on July 19, 2019.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-62) It will likely be one of many first theatrical movies to be launched on Disney+, alongside Aladdin), Toy Story 4, Frozen 2, Captain Marvel), and Avengers: Endgame.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-63)
The movie started its worldwide rollout per week earlier than its home launch, beginning with July 12 in China.#cite_note-ChinaPreview-64)
Field workplaceStarting on June 24, 2019 (which marked the 25th anniversary of the discharge of the unique movie), in its first 24 hours of pre-sales, The Lion King grew to become the second-best pre-seller of 2019 on Fandango) in that body (behind Avengers: Endgame), whereas Atom Tickets reported it gave their best-ever first-day gross sales for a household movie.#citenote-Presales_record-65) Three weeks previous to its launch, business monitoring projected the movie would gross $150–170 million in its home opening weekend.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-66)[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-67)
In China, the place it launched per week previous to the U.S., the movie was projected to debut to $50–60 million.#citenote-ChinaPreview-64) It ended up opening to $54.7 million, beating the debuts of The Jungle Ebook and Magnificence and the Beast.[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-68)
Vital responseOn review aggregator web site Rotten Tomatoes, the movie holds an approval ranking of 59% based mostly on 123 evaluations, and an average rating of 6.45/10. The web site's important consensus reads, "Although it may take satisfaction in its visible achievements, this reimagined The Lion King is a by the numbers retelling that lacks the power and coronary heart that made the unique so beloved – although for some followers that will simply be sufficient."#citenote-69) Metacritic gave the movie a weighted common rating of 57 out of 100 based mostly on 38 critics, indicating "blended or common evaluations".[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-70)
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Kenneth Turan on the Los Angeles Times referred to like the movie "polished, satisfying leisure."#citenote-71) Todd McCarthy at The Hollywood Reporter thought-about it to be inferior to the unique, noting, "The movie's aesthetic warning and predictability start to put on down on your entire enterprise within the second half."[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-72) At The Guardian, Peter Bradshaw discovered the movie "watchable and pleasing. However, I missed the simplicity and vividness of the unique hand-drawn pictures."[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-73)
A. A. Dowd, writing for The A.V. Club, summarized the movie as "Joyless, artless, and perhaps soulless, it transforms some of the putting titles from the Mouse Home vault into a really costly, star-studded Disneynature movie." Dowd bemoaned the movie's insistence on realism, commenting, "We're watching a hole bastardization of a blockbuster, without delay fully reliant on the viewers' pre-established affection for its predecessor and unusually decided to jettison a lot of what made it particular."#citenote-74) Scott Mendelson at Forces condemned the movie as a "crushing disappointment": "At nearly each flip, this redo undercuts its personal melodrama by downplaying its personal feelings."[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019film)#cite_note-75) David Ehrlich of IndieWire panned the movie, writing, "Unfolding just like the world's longest and least convincing deep fake, Jon Favreau's (nearly) photorealistic remake of The Lion King is supposed to characterize the following step in Disney's circle of life. As an alternative, this soulless chimera of a movie comes off as little greater than a glorified tech demo from a grasping conglomerate — a well-rendered however creatively bankrupt self-portrait of a film studio consuming its personal tail."[](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lion_King(2019_film)#cite_note-76)
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