What Is Backtesting A Trading Strategy?

Algorithmic Trading

A place for redditors to discuss quantitative trading, statistical methods, econometrics, programming, implementation, automated strategies, and bounce ideas off each other for constructive criticism. Feel free to submit papers/links of things you find interesting.
[link]

90+ Free Udemy & Some Best Selling Discounted

Free Udemy & Some Best Selling Discounted. Codes will expire in 1-2 days.
Source: https://freebiesglobal.com/
  1. [Turkish] 29h 30m Java ile Nesne Yönelimli Programlama https://www.udemy.com/course/java-ile-nesne-yonelimli-programlama/?couponCode=OOP_FREE_01 1 Day left at this price!
  2. [English] 4h 56m Facebook Ads MASTERY Blueprint - Beginner to Expert in 2020 https://www.udemy.com/course/facebook-ads-mastery-course-beginner-to-expert/?couponCode=2862E4B94AEF91B3608C 2 Days left at this price!
  3. [English] 6h 36m Adobe Illustrator CC 2020 MasterClass https://freebiesglobal.com/adobe-illustrator-cc-2020-masterclass-8 2 Days left at this price!
  4. [English] 5h 51m Business Development & Sales Mastery For B2B Businesses https://www.udemy.com/course/business-development-sales-mastery-for-b2b-businesses/?couponCode=30FF9B387B2DDF066774 2 Days left at this price!
  5. [English] 1h 33m Football betting for profit: Learn sports betting now! https://www.udemy.com/course/football-betting-for-profit-learn-sports-betting-now/?couponCode=90479E792BBAD9654091 2 Days left at this price!
  6. [English] 2h 41m Introduction to Quantum Computing https://www.udemy.com/course/introduction-to-quantum-computing/?couponCode=079EBA523285AAF5C6F0 2 Days left at this price!
  7. [English] 3h 0m How To Start a Profitable Video Marketing Agency https://www.udemy.com/course/video-marketing-agency-business-blueprint/?couponCode=36491317925CE92EF114 2 Days left at this price!
  8. [English] 2h 37m How To Start A Profitable Web Design Business https://www.udemy.com/course/how-to-start-a-profitable-web-design-agency-business/?couponCode=3D811EAB5017B93E4300 2 Days left at this price!
  9. [English] 7h 24m Microsoft Excel Training: Learn Essential Excel Skills https://www.udemy.com/course/microsoft-excel-training-learn-essential-excel-skills/?couponCode=FREENOV 2 Days left at this price!
  10. [English] 0h 42m Quit your smartphone addiction with(in) 30 days challenges https://www.udemy.com/course/quit-your-smartphone-addiction-within-30-days-challenges/?couponCode=NOMOPHOBIA 2 Days left at this price!
  11. [English] 0h 51m Poster and Banner Design for Beginners https://www.udemy.com/course/design-holiday-posters-and-banners/?couponCode=47D56D5BD2D04A9 2 Days left at this price!
  12. [English] 0h 57m 1-HOUR Bookkeeping & accounting (accounting & bookkeeping) https://www.udemy.com/course/one-hour-bookkeeping-course/?couponCode=57635E0AD89FB7584A06 2 Days left at this price!
  13. [English] 1h 0m Simple and Strong Forex Swing Trading Strategy in the world https://www.udemy.com/course/a-simple-forex-swing-trading-strategies-that-work-vip-only/?couponCode=19D131CB058F882B0BA4 2 Days left at this price!
  14. [Portuguese] 6h 1m Redação: Enem, vestibulares, concursos, artigos para mídia https://www.udemy.com/course/curso-de-redacao-dissertativa/?couponCode=0424405134C0B95660D8 2 Days left at this price!
  15. [English] 0h 33m IRRATIONAL https://www.udemy.com/course/irrational/?couponCode=RATIONALNOVEMBER 2 Days left at this price!
  16. [English] 2h 26m Super way to Learn Arduino | Creative https://www.udemy.com/course/super-way-to-learn-arduino-creative/?couponCode=ROBOT11OMG 2 Days left at this price!
  17. [English] 11h 34m Practical Web Development: 22 Courses in 1 https://www.udemy.com/course/the-complete-web-development-course/?couponCode=WEB22IN1NOV2020 2 Days left at this price!
  18. [English] 10h 39m Lead Generation MASTERY with Facebook Lead & Messenger Ads https://www.udemy.com/course/facebook-lead-ads-course/?couponCode=TOP111 2 Days left at this price!
  19. [English] 1h 8m Four Real Estate Investing Strategies For Financial Success https://www.udemy.com/course/four-real-estate-investing-strategies/?couponCode=FREISFEXPNOV82020 2 Days left at this price!
  20. [English] 0h 50m Introduction to Domain Names and Web Hosting - Quick Guide https://www.udemy.com/course/introduction-to-domain-names-and-web-hosting-quick-guide/?couponCode=YOUACCELNOV05 2 Days left at this price!
  21. [English] 4h 0m Bootstrap & jQuery - Certification Course for Beginners https://www.udemy.com/course/bootstrap-jquery-certification-course-for-beginners/?couponCode=YOUACCELNOV05 2 Days left at this price!
  22. [English] 3h 15m PHP & MySQL - Certification Course for Beginners https://www.udemy.com/course/php-mysql-certification-course-for-beginners/?couponCode=YOUACCELNOV05 2 Days left at this price!
  23. [English] 5h 30m HTML, CSS, & JavaScript - Certification Course for Beginners https://www.udemy.com/course/html-css-javascript-certification-course-for-beginners/?couponCode=YOUACCELNOV05 2 Days left at this price!
  24. [English] 2h 18m Setup a Virtual Web Server using Linode or Digital Ocean https://www.udemy.com/course/setup-a-virtual-web-server-using-linode-or-digital-ocean/?couponCode=YOUACCELNOV05 2 Days left at this price!
  25. [English] 3h 36m NGINX, Apache, SSL Encryption - Certification Course https://www.udemy.com/course/nginx-apache-ssl-encryption-certification-course/?couponCode=YOUACCELNOV05 2 Days left at this price!
  26. [English] 0h 37m How the Internet Works & the Web Development Process https://www.udemy.com/course/how-the-internet-works-the-web-development-process/?couponCode=YOUACCELNOV05 2 Days left at this price!
  27. [English] 5h 57m JavaScript, Bootstrap, & PHP - Certification for Beginners https://www.udemy.com/course/javascript-bootstrap-php-certification-for-beginners/?couponCode=YOUACCELNOV05 2 Days left at this price!
  28. [English] 4h 53m Persuasive Writing Ft. Two Forbes Contributors & Copywriters https://www.udemy.com/course/persuasive-writing-copywriting/?couponCode=YOUACCELNOV05 2 Days left at this price!
  29. [English] 4h 32m Complete Guide to Pinterest & Pinterest Growth 2020 https://www.udemy.com/course/pinheroes/?couponCode=474BC9DFA6B98FFCE909 2 Days left at this price!
  30. [English] 18h 17m Complete web development Bootcamp for Beginners -2020 https://freebiesglobal.com/complete-web-development-bootcamp-for-beginners-2020-6 2 Days left at this price!
  31. [English] 22h 34m Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics https://www.udemy.com/course/fundamentals-of-thermodynamics/?couponCode=FREENOV 2 Days left at this price!
  32. [English] 3h 38m The Complete SAP Analytics Course 2020 https://www.udemy.com/course/sap-bi-bo-analytics/?couponCode=EARLYBIRD 2 Days left at this price!
  33. [English] 0h 32m Memory Hacks: Learn How to Increase Memory and Speed Reading https://www.udemy.com/course/memory-hacks/?couponCode=HASSAN22 2 Days left at this price!
  34. [English] 0h 38m Fast track to ML, Data Science and Steganography https://www.udemy.com/course/fast-track-to-ml-datascience-steganography/?couponCode=BEE6000A4CE76B22D68E 2 Days left at this price!
  35. [English] 1h 19m Adobe Animate cc : The Beginner's Guide to Adobe Animate https://www.udemy.com/course/adobe-animate-cc-the-beginners-guide-to-adobe-animate/?couponCode=NOVPRO 2 Days left at this price!
  36. [English] 6h 57m Content Marketing Strategy & Techniques: Beginner to Expert https://www.udemy.com/course/content-marketing-strategy-u/?couponCode=CONTENT6 2 Days left at this price!
  37. [English] 18h 20m EXCEPTIONAL Creative Writing: 30 Days COMPLETE Course https://www.udemy.com/course/certified-digital-content-writing-course/?couponCode=CREATIVE6 2 Days left at this price!
  38. [English] 3h 26m What are GAN's actually- from underlying math to python code https://www.udemy.com/course/what-are-gans-actually-from-underlying-math-to-python-code/?couponCode=8F09E728F6631739C99D 2 Days left at this price!
  39. [English] 42h 37m The Complete Business & Marketing Course - 23 Courses in 1 https://www.udemy.com/course/the-complete-business-marketing-course/?couponCode=LAUNCHSPECIAL00 2 Days left at this price!
  40. [English] 1h 14m Communicate to Win and Influence https://www.udemy.com/course/communicate-to-win-and-influence/?couponCode=7315D0719623156D24F4 2 Days left at this price!
  41. [English] 2h 10m Problems & Solutions in Accounting Basics https://www.udemy.com/course/problems-solutions-in-accounting-basics/?couponCode=NOVFRC 2 Days left at this price!
  42. [Spanish] 4h 50m ¡Curso COMPLETO de COPYWRITING y STORYTELLING de 0 a 100! https://www.udemy.com/course/curso-completo-de-copywriting-y-storytelling-de-0-a-100/?couponCode=304558F335A8637D620B 2 Days left at this price!
  43. [Spanish] 8h 15m Universidad Excel - Básico, Intermedio y Avanzado +Completo! https://www.udemy.com/course/universidad-excel-microsoft-tablas-dinamicas-dashboard-macros-vba/?couponCode=GRATIS_UE 2 Days left at this price!
  44. [English] 0h 53m Python-3 Boot Camp in GUI automation for absolute beginners https://www.udemy.com/course/python-3-boot-camp-in-gui-automation-for-absolute-beginners/?couponCode=17AC8721C666BB7E6710 2 Days left at this price!
  45. [English] 2h 1m Hands on Python3 Regular Expressions for Absolute Beginners https://www.udemy.com/course/hands-on-python3-regular-expression-2020/?couponCode=0E676A889BA3CAEAE08C 2 Days left at this price!
  46. [English] 1h 25m Fundamentals of Business Accounting: Learn Quick and Easy https://www.udemy.com/course/fundamentals-of-business-accounting-learn-quick-and-easy/?couponCode=F13C82BE709AAC8677A6 2 Days left at this price!
  47. [English] 29h 6m Presentation Skills - Advanced: Speak Without Reading Notes https://www.udemy.com/course/how-to-speak-without-notes/?couponCode=609C5D1CB13FA3B94D61 2 Days left at this price!
  48. [English] 1h 26m Public Speaking: You Can Speak to Large Audiences https://www.udemy.com/course/how-to-speak-to-large-audiences/?couponCode=FCCDF0A85F6980CD60AD 2 Days left at this price!
  49. [English] 0h 51m Journalism: Conduct Great Media Interviews https://www.udemy.com/course/how-to-conduct-interviews/?couponCode=0593C183BAB4293BCB44 2 Days left at this price!
  50. [English] 2h 43m Complete Goal Setting Course - Become Your Own Life Coach https://www.udemy.com/course/complete-goal-setting-course-become-your-own-life-coach/?couponCode=8C6E5B87A90F72976F1A 2 Days left at this price!
  51. [English] 2h 57m Complete Hypnosis Weight Loss Course - Dieting Psychology https://www.udemy.com/course/complete-hypnosis-weight-loss-course-dieting-psychology/?couponCode=2E4D5ED89B5DC3EA068F 2 Days left at this price!
  52. [English] 2h 55m Complete Goal Achievement Course - Personal Success Goals https://www.udemy.com/course/complete-goal-achievement-course-personal-success-goals/?couponCode=1334B54755F75E9F0909 2 Days left at this price!
  53. [English] 30h 57m The Complete Reiki Course: 30+ Hours of Secrets from A to Z https://www.udemy.com/course/reiki-complete-certification-energy-healing-crystal-master-shaman-pet/?couponCode=AFD86555CCACEB00E74D 1 Day left at this price!
  54. [English] 19h 5m Complete Google Certified Educator Level 1 and 2 Masterclass https://www.udemy.com/course/complete-google-certified-educator-level-1-masterclass/?couponCode=ED57A28347C32C8641C6 2 Days left at this price!
  55. [English] 1h 56m Complete Management Coaching Course - Executive Coaching https://www.udemy.com/course/complete-management-coaching-course-executive-coaching/?couponCode=E3F1F43365C7E7DCE469 2 Days left at this price!
  56. [English] 10h 35m Stock Trading Momentum Based Strategies1- Technical Analysis https://www.udemy.com/course/momentum-indicators-rsi-stoch-williamr-tsi-mfi/?couponCode=1NOV20 1 Day left at this price!
  57. [English] 9h 56m Trading Strategies Backtesting With Python https://www.udemy.com/course/trading-strategies-backtesting-with-python/?couponCode=DBAF11B92B43CBBDC98A 19 hrs left at this price!
  58. [English] 3h 25m Machine learning and Lexicon approach to Sentiment analysis https://www.udemy.com/course/machine-learning-and-lexicon-approach-to-sentiment-analysis/?couponCode=DC878893990484137046 19 hrs left at this price!
  59. [English] 37h 39m Agile Project Management 200+ Tools with Kanban Scrum Devops https://www.udemy.com/course/agile-project-management-certification-scrumkanbandevops/?couponCode=AGILE5 1 Day left at this price!
  60. [English] 26h 43m Business Analytics Course 2020 https://www.udemy.com/course/best-data-science-business-analytics-course/?couponCode=BUSINESS5 1 Day left at this price!
  61. [English] 10h 41m React 101 - basics complete & latest. Forms, routing, async https://www.udemy.com/course/gbarkhatov-react-basics-complete-latest/?couponCode=BDA9B1051849F6B2DB47 1 Day left at this price!
  62. [English] 3h 17m The Python Programming For Everyone Immersive Training https://www.udemy.com/course/the-python-programming-for-anyone-immersive-training/?couponCode=BD714282A199F0B461CE 1 Day left at this price!
  63. [English] 2h 23m OBS Studio - Ultimate Livestreaming Guide to OBS Studio https://www.udemy.com/course/ultimate-beginners-guide-to-open-broadcaster-softwareobs/?couponCode=3D18CBF1BA8736611114 1 Day left at this price!
  64. [English] 3h 56m Complete Ansible Bootcamp: Go from zero to hero in Ansible https://www.udemy.com/course/ansible-hero/?couponCode=ANSIBLEHEROTOWERSOON 1 Day left at this price!
  65. [English] 12h 40m Python And Flask Framework Complete Course For Beginners https://freebiesglobal.com/python-and-flask-framework-complete-course-for-beginners-3 1 Day left at this price!
  66. [English] 6h 59m Python for Beginners:Introduction to Python https://www.udemy.com/course/python-crash-course-for-beginners-l/?couponCode=6357A09370F9974153C2 1 Day left at this price!
  67. [German] 1h 1m Antike Astrologie 2 https://www.udemy.com/course/antike-astrologie-2/?couponCode=AE116C0E07E9213321BA 1 Day left at this price!
  68. [German] 0h 39m Astronomie für Einsteiger https://www.udemy.com/course/astronomie-fur-einsteige?couponCode=832D3DC2E1044D249DED 1 Day left at this price!
  69. [English] 0h 36m Learn Basics of Adobe Photoshop CC 2020 for Beginners https://www.udemy.com/course/learn-basics-of-adobe-photoshop-cc-for-beginners/?couponCode=5BA23C69A1BFC38B4CE6 1 Day left at this price!
  70. [English] 1h 13m EFT Your Business for Success https://www.udemy.com/course/eft-tapping-business-entrepreneurs-success/?couponCode=EFTBSEXPNOV72020 1 Day left at this price!
  71. [English] 2h 33m Video Editing With Davinci Resolve 16 for Beginners https://www.udemy.com/course/video-editing-with-davinci-resolve-16-for-beginners/?couponCode=HOLLIDAYS 1 Day left at this price!
  72. [English] 2h 41m MATLAB For People in Hurry https://www.udemy.com/course/matlab-for-people-in-hurry/?couponCode=MATLAB-FREE 1 Day left at this price!
  73. [English] 0h 42m The Role of Psychology in Enhancing Cybersecurity https://www.udemy.com/course/psychology-cybersecurity/?couponCode=BDAE13FBFCA9651584E9 1 Day left at this price!
  74. [Spanish] 3h 0m Lenguaje Musical: Nivel 1 https://www.udemy.com/course/lenguaje-musical-nivel-1/?couponCode=NOVIEMBREMUSICAL 1 Day left at this price!
  75. [Spanish] 2h 55m Aprende Multicointegración en Forex con R studio https://www.udemy.com/course/aprende-a-invertir-en-forex-mediante-multicointegracion/?couponCode=MULTI_SOFIA 1 Day left at this price!
  76. [English] 0h 29m IT Support & Troubleshooting Tips for Clinical Environments https://www.udemy.com/course/it-support-troubleshooting-tips-for-clinical-environments/?couponCode=NOV2020 1 Day left at this price!
  77. [English] 1h 23m English grammar tenses & structures, the ultimate course https://www.udemy.com/course/english-grammar-tenses-structures-the-ultimate-course/?couponCode=NOVEMBERSECOND 1 Day left at this price!
  78. [English] 6h 2m Complete Responsive Web Development: 4 courses in 1 https://www.udemy.com/course/responsive-web-development/?couponCode=WEB4IN1NOV2020 1 Day left at this price!
  79. [English] 2h 17m HTML5 & CSS3 Course | Practical Guide for Building Websites https://www.udemy.com/course/html5-css3-course-practical-guide-for-building-websites/?couponCode=5FA9830B016825AEB626 1 Day left at this price!
  80. [English] 0h 38m Facebook Ads marketing - Page Likes & Engagement For Newbies https://www.udemy.com/course/grow-fan-page-facebook-marketing-page-likes-ad-offers-messages-pixel/?couponCode=5OCT2020 1 Day left at this price!
  81. [English] 1h 47m Run Facebook Event Ad, Youtube Channel & Google Search Ad. https://www.udemy.com/course/start-vlogging-youtube-channel-marketing-videos-editing-phone/?couponCode=5OCT2020 1 Day left at this price!
  82. [English] 1h 2m Sell Products with Facebook Ads Fast On Shopify 2020 https://www.udemy.com/course/shopify-dropshipping-facebook-ads-ecommerce-masterclass-2020-2021-2022/?couponCode=5OCT2020 1 Day left at this price!
  83. [English] 2h 7m Facebook Ads And Marketing - Lead Generation Pro - 2020 https://www.udemy.com/course/facebook-marketing-for-lead-generation-2020/?couponCode=5OCT2020 1 Day left at this price!
  84. [English] 2h 7m Run Search Ad In Google Ads & Easy SEO For Beginners-2020 https://www.udemy.com/course/digital-marketing-google-ads-adwords-search-seo-ppc/?couponCode=5OCT2020 1 Day left at this price!
  85. [English] 2h 10m Facebook Ads Marketing - Start Lead Generation Business 2020 https://www.udemy.com/course/facebook-ads-marketing-lead-generation-business-digital-marketing/?couponCode=5OCT2020 1 Day left at this price!
  86. [English] 1h 3m Facebook Ads Marketing For Events Free & Paid Strategy 2020 https://www.udemy.com/course/facebook-marketing-for-events-advertising-hacks-strategy/?couponCode=5OCT2020 1 Day left at this price!
  87. [English] 1h 16m Digital Marketing Business With Google My Business - 2020 https://www.udemy.com/course/online-marketing-with-google-my-business-digital-marketing/?couponCode=5OCT2020 1 Day left at this price!
  88. [English] 9h 30m Automate the Boring Stuff with Python Programming https://www.udemy.com/course/automate/?couponCode=NOV2020FREE2 1 Day left at this price!
  89. [English] 0h 39m Let's create a ML Classifier, Neural Regressor from Scratch https://www.udemy.com/course/lets-create-a-ml-classifier-neural-regressor-from-scratch/?couponCode=079F778394190BC7B9F3 1 Day left at this price!
  90. [English] 0h 38m Facebook Ads marketing - Page Likes & Engagement For Newbies https://www.udemy.com/course/grow-fan-page-facebook-marketing-page-likes-ad-offers-messages-pixel/?couponCode=5OCT2020 1 Day left at this price!
Popular Udemy Courses from $9.99:
  1. [English] 45h 3m SEO TRAINING 2021: Complete SEO Course + WordPress SEO Yoast $9.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/online-seo-training/?couponCode=1NOV999 3 Days left at this price!
  2. [English] 32h 33m Master JavaScript - The Most Compete JavaScript Course 2020 $11.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/master-javascript-the-most-compete-javascript-course-2020/?couponCode=LEARNNOV 4 Days left at this price!
  3. [English] 27h 55m AWS Certified Solutions Architect Associate - 2020 [SAA-C02] $9.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/aws-certified-solutions-architect-associate-hands-on-labs/?couponCode=AWSNOV 1 Day left at this price!
  4. [English] 390 questions AWS Certified Solutions Architect Associate Practice Exams $12 https://www.udemy.com/course/aws-certified-solutions-architect-associate-practice-tests-k/?couponCode=AWSNOV 1 Day left at this price!
  5. [English] 42h 20m Project Management Professional Certification Program (PMP) $12.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/project-management-professional-certification-program-pmp/?couponCode=NOVOLEARN2020
  6. [English] 37h 7m Risk Management for Business Analysts (PMI-RMP/IIBA-ECBA) $12.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/risk-management-for-business-analysts-pmi-rmpiiba-ecba/?couponCode=NOVOLEARN2020
  7. [English] 21h 6m The Agile Certified Practitioner Training Program (PMI-ACP) $12.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/the-agile-certified-practitioner-training-program-pmi-acp/?couponCode=NOVOLEARN2020
  8. [English] 14h 6m The Complete IT Job Search Course - Land Your Dream IT Job $9.99 https://www.udemy.com/course/the-complete-it-job-search-course-land-your-dream-it-job/?couponCode=THANKS1 4 Days left at this price!
  9. [English] 30h 49m The Complete Communication Skills Master Class for Life https://www.udemy.com/course/the-complete-communication-skills-master-class-for-life/?couponCode=THANKS3 4 Days left at this price!
submitted by ViralMedia007 to FREECoursesEveryday [link] [comments]

How reliable are free sources for historical data?

Has anyone used free sources like histdata.com, dukascopy, forexsb to train models or backtest their algos?
I am working on training a model to trade forex pairs. Still experimenting with the idea and don’t want to invest in an data api before I have a solid strategy.
Wondering if I can make use of this data to test the model with this data and move on to test the model with something paid afterwards OR just go with a single data source as best practices would say.
Thanks in advance!
submitted by vikas-sharma to algotrading [link] [comments]

Building the right mindset

Hey guys! Most of my Forex experience I've been battling with my own head. I come from a very mathematical background and having applied my understanding of statistics, somewhat quickly arrived at strategies that could make money. The only aspect that I constantly struggled with was my psychology. Having overcome some of those problems already, I figured I'll share my personal way I learned how to keep myself in check and make sure I don't become irrational. Here's some of the realisations listed.
  1. Don't ever measure your success with money. So many people, myself included are celebrating their big trades, chasing the profits, just developing an unhealthy mindset centred around the money. It really is not the key.
I learned how to view money as a side effect of successful trading. Implementing decision based approach (instead of outcome based one), helps a lot! You can make a lot of money in a bad trade and lose a lot in a good one. Always question yourself and your strategy, when it's profitable or when it's not.
  1. After a successful trade - 'If only I had a bigger lot size on this one/if only I traded it in my live account'. Very common one, can reveal a lot of weakness. If you experience thoughts like this, or even worse if you see those kind of thoughts influence your decision - take a step back and work on your psychology. Any kind of expression like this shows greed. It's you chasing that money again, and usually this chase means you will lose it all along the way...
  2. If you do not enjoy analysing a lot of data, working with numbers, backtesting - trading is not for you. Analize the sources of your motivation when trading. Do you get mainly motivated if you see your account growing? Is the thought of getting money the main drive? Do you actually enjoy analizing graphs or just the money that will hopefully come after you do so? Many people look into Forex for a quick fix, dream job on your laptop when you're chilling on a beach somewhere. I'm sorry to burst your bubble, but it won't happen. If you don't enjoy the process of perfecting strategies, analizing tons of data, statistical analysis, you will probably never make it.
Having reread my own writing it seems like greed explains all 3 of the points I highlighted. I hope this can help some of you, the ones with the decent mindset that need that extra push and the delusional ones that will not make it and hopefully wake up sooner than later. If you are posting pictures of your profits and getting your serotonin release once you see a profitable trade - you are digging your own grave (and there's so many of you here on this subreddit).
Anyways my final advice is: if you still think you have the passion, but yet find yourself struggling with psychology - just head to algorithmic trading. I have acknowledged that my psychology is in my way and my personal way of dealing with it, was just removing it from the equation. Now I'm mostly focused on building a portfolio of trading robots and I'm healthier in my trading.
submitted by zarathustra1337 to Forex [link] [comments]

I've reproduced 130+ research papers about "predicting bitcoin", coded them from scratch and recorded the results. Here's what I've learnt.

ok, so firstly,
all of the papers I found through Google search and Google scholar. Google scholar doesn't actually have every research paper so you need to use both together to find them all. They were all found by using phrases like "predict bitcoin" or "predict stock market" or "predict forex" and terms related to those.

Next,
I only tested papers written in the past 8 years or so, I think anything older is just going to be heavily Alpha-mined so we can probably just ignore those ones altogether.

Then,
Anything where it's slightly ambiguous with methodology, I tried every possible permutation to try and capture what the authors may have meant. For example, one paper adds engineered features to the price then says "then we ran the data through our model" - it's not clear if it means the original data or the engineered data, so I tried both ways. This happens more than you'd think!

THEN,
Anything that didn't work, I tried my own ideas with the data they were using or substituted one of their models with others that I knew of.

Now before we go any further, I should caveat that I was a profitable trader at multiple Tier-1 US banks so I can say with confidence that I made a decent attempt of building whatever the author was trying to get at.

Oh, and one more thing. All of this work took about 7 months in total.

Right, let's jump in.

So with the papers, I found as many as I could, then I read through them and put them in categories and then tested each category at a time because a lot of papers were kinda saying the same things.

Here are the categories:

Results:
Literally every single paper was either p-hacked, overfit, or a subsample of favourable data was selected (I guess ultimately they're all the same thing but still) OR a few may have had a smidge of Alpha but as soon as you add transaction costs it all disappears.

Every author that's been publicly challenged about the results of their paper says it's stopped working due to "Alpha decay" because they made their methodology public. The easiest way to test whether it was truly Alpha decay or just overfitting by the authors is just to reproduce the paper then go further back in time instead of further forwards. For the papers that I could reproduce, all of them failed regardless of whether you go back or forwards. :)

Now, results from the two most popular categories were:

The most frustrating paper:
I have true hate for the authors of this paper: "A deep learning framework for financial time series using stacked autoencoders and long-short term memory". Probably the most complex AND vague in terms of methodology and after weeks trying to reproduce their results (and failing) I figured out that they were leaking future data into their training set (this also happens more than you'd think).

The two positive take-aways that I did find from all of this research are:
  1. Almost every instrument is mean-reverting on short timelines and trending on longer timelines. This has held true across most of the data that I tested. Putting this information into a strategy would be rather easy and straightforward (although you have no guarantee that it'll continue to work in future).
  2. When we were in the depths of the great recession, almost every signal was bearish (seeking alpha contributors, news, google trends). If this holds in the next recession, just using this data alone would give you a strategy that vastly outperforms the index across long time periods.

Hopefully if anyone is getting into this space this will save you an absolute tonne of time and effort.

So in conclusion, if you're building trading strategies, simple is good :)

Also one other thing I'd like to add, even the Godfather of value investing, the late Benjamin Graham (Warren Buffet's mentor) used to test his strategies (even though he'd be trading manually) so literally every investor needs to backtest regardless of if you're day-trading or long-term investing or building trading algorithms.


EDIT: in case anyone wants to read more from me I occasionally write on medium (even though I'm not a good writer)
submitted by chiefkul to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

How to derive historical financial data for forex instrument backtesting

Hello,
If you believe backtesting strategies for forex major currency pairs is unhopeful please leave a comment with an explanation.
I'm a CS major at Columbia with internships in back office global bank infrastructure positions here in NY and have great interest in trading algorithmically because I can't trust my behavior to enter trades, among other obvious reasons.
I would like to know what the best sources are for obtaining historical data (OHLCV, etc) for (forex) backtesting purposes. Is a large excel file used in practice, or are historical prices derived via API's? It seems that I need to pay after some research online, but I know you redditors can deliver.

edit
I found a free source here for EURUSD. There are other pairs available too.
submitted by Reciprocates to algotrading [link] [comments]

CPU needs

I’m planning on building a computer to do a few things and am wondering just how much CPU power I need.
Here is what I’m looking to do: Store options data for all companies for the whole trading day. Store stock data for all companies with options. Store futures and forex data as frequently as possible. Store crypto price data. Connect to Twitter API and other APIs to store third party data. Connect to and store data from several more sources as time goes on. Perform backtesting, and if profitable, implement a live model.
Any thoughts? This would be my first computer that I’ve built, so I really have no idea how much this takes.. would a Ryzen 2700 do the trick? 3900? Threadripper 2950x?
submitted by GlassTemperature to algotrading [link] [comments]

Best Crypto Trading Bots 2019

Best Crypto Trading Bots 2019
WolfpackBOT - The World's Fastest Crypto Trading Bot

https://preview.redd.it/s5j8hgsgsi131.png?width=799&format=png&auto=webp&s=e0e5597fa32aa74f78fcfbb5cc08d143f8b8ca3b
There are basically two different ways you can make mazuma from digital currencies. You can purchase a couple of coins currently, hold them for an extensive period and offer them after the esteem has risen significantly or you can get started with exchanging digital forms of money, here once more, you can exchange physically or run with the best crypto exchanging bots. While holding cryptographic money for a more drawn out term has turned out to be fulfilling, it takes a bounty of time and tolerance for you to optically observe the estimation of your speculation increase.If you are somebody, who does not have the persistence to hang tight for so long, at that point digital currency trading provides you with the immaculate chance to make some mazuma. Numerous prosperous digital currency dealers do recommend you purchase low and sell high. In any case, this is easier verbalized than done.
Digital currencies have been cosmically unpredictable since the earliest reference point. They are the main tradable resources whose esteem shifts in twofold digit rates every day. The cost does not generally go up either. Along these lines, timing the market is the way to turning into a prosperous cryptographic money merchant.
Exchanging digital money isn't any advanced science. All you require is a record on a digital money trade and some cryptographic money in your wallet. This would have been the situation, had you started exchanging these computerized resources route in 2010.
Presently, on the off chance that you try to put in any limitation request on any famous cryptographic money trade, you will outwardly see another application set appropriate above you're, putting forth a superior arrangement. Hence, you are constrained to put orders at market esteem.
The way that a superior offer quickly negated your offer does not assign that somebody is continually crushing before the PC. You just set off crypto exchanging bot when you submitted your request. The best bitcoin exchanging bots have surmounted the whole cryptographic money exchanging biological system, and this is primarily because of the way that they are more effective than people, particularly when it comes down to exchanging.
Presently that you ken that bots have surmounted the crypto exchanging market, you more likely than not understood as of now that the chances of making mazuma when piled facing a great many bots are cosmically svelte.
You could ace all the distinctive specialized investigation strategies and exceed the bots. In any case, in addition to the fact that this is tedious withal very tedious. So instead of investing more energy finding out about the specialized investigation, you can set up the crypto exchanging bots all alone. By the end of this article, not exclusively will you ken probably the most profitably rewarding cryptographic money exchanging bots out there, yet moreover will be enabled with the intelligence of winnowing your very own exchanging bot later on.
Variables to Look for When Culling the Best Crypto Trading Bots
  1. Dependability
A standout amongst the most vital viewpoints to consider is the dependability of an exchanging bot. You would not operate to lose on a brilliant open door because your crypto bot went disconnected or stopped working for quite a while.
You may contend that there is no real way to make sure about the dependability of a specific exchanging bot. Notwithstanding, you aren't the just a single using a bot. Scan for what alternate clients who have used a particular bot need to verbally express about its consistent quality or basically allude to our rundown of the best bitcoin exchanging bots underneath.
  1. Security
With regards to cryptographic forms of money, you can't inculpate anybody yet yourself if there should be an occurrence of a hack. When you initiate using an exchanging bot, you are giving the bot access to your mazuma. This can be very jeopardous, particularly if the exchanging bot is beginning in the field.
There is no telling how secure a specific bot is. In this way, while separating an exchanging bot, complete quintessential research and winnow a bot that has been broadly extolled for its security.
  1. Productivity
Everything comes down to this fundamental part. Is the bot profitably worthwhile or not? An inquiry for which it is elusive an answer. The primary reason you chose to run with an exchanging bot is to benefit over its exchanging ability. There is no influential pertinence in using a bot that isn't profitably rewarding. In this way, discover the productivity of a bot up to you put both your time and mazuma into it.
  1. Straightforwardness
The fundamental motivation behind why digital currency rose to acclaim is that the entire system is plenarily straightforward. There is the wrong spot for any injustice. The equivalent ought average even from the exchanging bot that you choose to run with.
Attempt to winnow a bot whose engineers are unmistakable for their work in the network. Straightforwardness benefits to fabricate trust as well as also profits you to connect with the ideal individuals to adjust any issue.
  1. Simplicity of profit
The entire cogency of running with a robotized bitcoin exchanging is to make the whole procedure of transferring cryptographic forms of money simple for everybody. A bot which accompanies a simple to use interface is the one that is exceptionally well known. Having the capacity to control the bots with only a couple of snaps of the mouse is something you should pay individual mind to, in the bot that you choose to use.
Considering every one of the variables we have arranged a rundown of the best ten digital currency exchanging bots in 2019, the review will be unendingly refreshed with the goal that data remains apropos.
Top 10 Best Crypto Trading Bots in 2019
  1. Cryptohopper
This may be a new bot in the crypto exchanging market. In any case, this newcomer has figured out how to blow some people's minds because of the comprehensive exhibit of highlights that this bot gives. One of the defeats of most exchanging bots is that they kept running on your neighborhood machine. This betokens they run just when you have turned on your PC.
With the lift in enthusiasm for cloud-predicated advancements, Cryptohopper uses cloud innovation to keep the bot running day in and day out. By running the bot on a cloud, clients will most likely put in exchange requests notwithstanding amid the night. In this manner, no open door is missed.
Another critical reason that prompted the lift in the notoriety of Cryptohopper is its simplicity of usage, particularly for the tyro. The bot has incorporated with an outside exchanging signaller. This assigns anybody can initiate using this bot by running it on autopilot. This is a help to the nascent dealers, who need not stress over setting exchanging signals for their bot. The bot withal gives progressively experienced clients a chance to mess around and set their own exchanging signals. Along these lines, it is satisfying the desiderata of both. Aside from this, the bot is incidentally outfitted with highlights, for example, trailing stops, specialized examination, formats, and backtesting. Formats benefit you to design a nascent setting for your bot quickly, and specialized investigation sanctions you to redo and arrange your own settings.
Like every extraordinary thing, the crypto container comes with a sticker price fastened to it. The cost starts from $19 every month for the fundamental arrangement and goes up to $99 per month if you operate their most extravagant arrangement. When you buy into any of the organizations, you can start using the bot on prominent trades like Binance, Huboi, Kucoin, Bittrex, Coinbase, Poloniex, Kraken, Cryptopia, and Bitfinex. On the off chance that you are slanted to spend the additional buck on an exchanging bot, at that point Cryptohopper is an extraordinary separate.
  1. 3Commas
Even though 3Commas bot is nascent to the exchanging bot scene, it could give its clients huge increases, notwithstanding amid the crypto bear showcase.
The new element that dissevers this bot from other bots is its workforce to trail any crypto advertise. This authorizes the bot to close the exchange at the most profitably excellent position, yet the objective addition set by the utilizer had just been come to. This element benefits enormously amid the crypto bull run. Additionally, the bot adventitiously endorses clients to exchange numerous cryptographic forms of money simultaneously. In this manner, it is not passing up any great exchanging opportunity that goes along the way. The bot is set up on the cloud and is available through the site. This betokens the bot runs 24X7. The bot can be designed with Binance and Bittrex at this moment and increasingly legitimate trades, for example, BitFinex, Poloniex, KuCoin, and so forth will be coordinated anon.
The 3Commas comes with a sticker price appended to it. The starter plan will cost you $24, and the most luxurious genius pack would set you back by $82. On the off chance that you operate to give crypto bot exchanging a go, at that point, you could use the 3Commas starter plan and later peregrinate to the more rich schemes.
  1. Gunbot
This is another mainstream exchanging bot with more than 6000 dynamic merchants using its lodging on a quotidian substructure. Good with a few exchanging stages including Binance and GDAX, it very well may be kept running on your nearby PC. This can keep running on Windows, Linus, and the Mac stages, so running on your neighborhood machine would not be a bind.
The bot has 32 diverse pre-arranged exchanging systems which give clients a wide cluster of choices to induce some automated revenue. Among these techniques, the three most well-known ones are the Bollinger band, step addition, and ping pong. Numerous clients have detailed having made a bounty of benefits with the BB procedures. Gunbot isn't in freedom to use and accompanies a one-time level rate running from 0.1BTC to 0.3BTC, contingent upon the highlights that you would savor to optically observe in the bot. Aside from this, the bot supplementally comes as a Lite rendition that has encircled highlights yet can be habituated to test around with the lesser measure of mazuma.
The post-buy support given by the organization is truly surprising. Clients get their issues settled in less than multi-day. The main pickle with regards to this bot is that you ought to in every case reliably outwardly look at the present market state. If the instability of the crypto advertise is high, at that point you ought to most likely turn the bot off to shun any misfortune
  1. Gekko
This is the most diverse digital money exchanging bot in subsistence at present. For any individual who needs to gain proficiency with some things about exchanging bots and not spend any mazuma getting one, at that point Gekko is the bot for you. The Gekko trading bot is an open source bitcoin exchanging bot venture that is accessible for anybody to use for nothing. The way that it is in freedom to use is the fundamental purpose behind its wide prevalence. Like some other open-source ventures, Gekko is free of for all intents and purposes all bugs and even the ones the pop are fixed up at lightning speeds. The Gekko bot can collaborate with a few trades, including Bitfinex, Polonix, and BitStamp. The bot uses a web interface to associate with the clients and can keep running on a neighborhood machine with Windows, Linux, or the Mac OS.
The bot comes pre-designed with some exchanging system. You can initiate using the bot on autopilot as anon as you introduce and design it with a trade. In any case, if you would savor to use your very own exchanging system, the bot withal endorses you to design it to your savoring. While the present design is respectable for trying different things with the bot, there are a few other exchanging techniques accessible online that would benefit you make an all the more profitably worthwhile wager. The bot will withal send you a notice at whatever point it executes a specific exchange. This is finished by incorporating it with the Telegram envoy. Consequently, you will dependably ken how well your bot is performing.
The main drawback to the Gekko exchanging bot is that it isn't very utilizer-heartfelt. There are a few aides in the digital world that direct you through the underlying setup process. Be that as it may, this procedure isn't extremely direct and you would presumably hit a barricade at any rate once amid the underlying setup.
  1. Zenbot
Another allowed to use digital currency exchanging bot, Zenbot can be considered as a further developed form of the Gekko exchanging bot. Nonetheless, as Gekko has been around for a more extended time, it is all the more generally used. Much the same as Gekko, Zenbot programming can be downloaded from Github and introduced on your neighborhood PC. The product is perfect with Windows, Mac just as the Linux working frameworks. The bot comes pre-arranged with an entirely nice exchanging system. In any case, its real potential can be opened only when you initiate executing your exchanging order. The primary bind with the allowed to use bots is that they are frequently not very utilizer-genial. In any case, this isn't the situation with Zenbot. The entire setup process is extremely effortless, and you can have the bot fully operational in all respects speedily. The bot chips away at all prevalent trades, for example, Bitfinex, Poloniex, Bittrex, and so on.
As it is an open source venture, it is without now of a few bugs, and regardless of whether one springs up, it will be adjusted all around speedily. The Zenbot can effortlessly actualize with a few informing stages, for example, slack, Telegram, and so on to give you the updates of any exchange that was executed.
Adventitiously, the Zenbot withal braces high-recurrence exchanging. This is a component that outlined the personnel of the Gekko bot. The Zenbot is being refreshed, and more highlights are being incorporated traditionally. Hence, making it a bot for you to reliably outwardly analyze.
  1. WolfpackBOT: WolfpackBOT is a cryptographic money exchanging programming application that has been created with the most developed highlights of any robotized exchanging programming of its sort. The WolfpackBOT has been intended to execute exchanging directions with the usage of restrictive numerical calculations, and specialized investigation bespeakers predicated on the client's predefined assignments.
The cryptographic money advertise as of now bearish, and many exchanging bots easily miss the scarcest vacillations. WolfpackBOT has been built to execute trading directions at a lightning speed and is fit for making up to a large number of exchanges every day, relying upon the states of the market.
WolfpackBOT is among the few cryptographic money exchanging bots that give crypto aficionados full self-governance, security, and control of their exchanging bot and its related API keys. A large portion of the crypto trading bots out there are cloud-predicated stages that are constrained by outsider frameworks. While these stages guarantee dealers of outright wellbeing and security, insightful brokers ken that in the crypto space, outsider frameworks like trades and other cloud-predicated steps are hacked proximately consistently. Since WolfpackBOT programming and your related API keys are put away individually PC or devoted VPS, WolfpackBOT can sidestep a significant number of the security issues related to cloud-predicated frameworks.
WolfpackBOT has been created for the whole crypto network, from experienced merchants to novices, with three in all respects reasonably valued membership levels. WolfpackBOT accompanies a few membership bundles that authorize clients to exchange with a wide scope of chances predicated on their favored membership.
  1. CryptoTrader
cryptotrader_reviewAlmost all digital money merchants would have aurally seen about the crypto dealer exchanging bot. The across the board fame of this bot is because it was one of the absolute first bots to be kept running on the cloud and accessible to the clients day in and day out.
The crypto broker bot is plenarily web-predicated and in this manner, open from anyplace you can associate with the digital world. The bot can be easily designed with a few well-known trades, for example, Poloniex, Bittrex, Kraken, and so on. This bot does not come for nothing out of pocket. You can operate from the few organizations accessible. The valuing initiates with 0.003BTC every month for the most simple arrangement and this goes up to 0.0472 BTC every month for their excellent arrangement.
While all plans do offer clients support for programmed exchanging, the early highlights and as far as possible for the more indulgent plans is higher than that given the basic arrangement. Any early component that is caused is most readily accessible on the higher bundle designs and are later accessible on the basic plans. On the off chance that you would simply savor to exchange on a solitary trade and with exceptionally delineated mazuma, at that point the basic arrangement will get the job done. Be that as it may, on the off chance that you are outwardly looking at the higher volume of exchanges, at that point run with the higher bundle.
This bot additionally sustains algorithmic exchanging. In this manner, I am making it effortless for clients to execute their very own arrangements. The bot can be effortlessly modified. In this manner, I am making it a broadly utilized cryptographic money exchanging bot.
  1. Bitcoin Robot
btcrobotWe simply needed to incorporate the pioneer of digital currency exchanging bots on our rundown of the best crypto exchanging bots. The Bitcoin robot started as a Bitcoin exchanging bot. In any case, it can now withal be designed to exchange different digital currencies, for example, Ethereum and Litecoin. The bot is accessible as a product and should be downloaded and keep running on your neighborhood machine. This betokens the exchanges will be executed just as long as you keep your PC turned on. The bot can effortlessly work with a few digital money trades and is by and large broadly utilized even today. The bot isn't accessible free of expense and costs you a premium. The cost of the bot ranges from $19.99 every month for the principal plan. In any case, clients usually buy the platinum plan that costs just $399 one time charge and offers utilizer unlimited access to every one of the highlights.
The benefits made by individuals using this bot verbalizes for itself. Supplementally, they do offer a 60-days mazuma back assurance. Along these lines, you should look at them once.
  1. USI Tech
This can't be considered as a bot. In any case, the USI tech BTC settlement promises mechanized benefits for your BTC speculations. The USI Tech was at first intended for Forex exchanging. In any case, after the raise of the ubiquity of Bitcoin, they additionally offer BTC bundles. Not at all like some other BTC exchanging bot where you require to give the API key of your trade account to execute exchanges, on USI Tech, you will require to winnow from among the few BTC master exchanges. At that point, you will begin accepting your segment of benefits at whatever point exchange is made.
The USI Tech stage basically ensures extraordinary comes back to your speculations. The entire procedure of purchasing your absolute first BTC bundle is withal simple and pellucidly elucidated on their site. You can explore different avenues regarding the benefits that you gain. In any case, the number of bundles you purchase, the more dominant will be your benefit
  1. Margin.De (Leonardo Bot)
Edge LeonardobotThis is a cryptographic money exchanging bot with the most utilizer-genial interface. The GUI of the bot is easy to use, and the highlights gave are extremely puissant. The bot was structured with two exchanging techniques ping pong and Margin exchanging actualized into it. In any case, you can withal modify it with your very own custom settings. This bot lays incredible complement on the visual parts of exchanging. The specialized examination done by the bot is immensely simple to break down. What more? The bot has an astonishing component called visual exchanging. This interface feels rich smooth to use and offers clients the most extreme authority over the exchanges.
The bot was at first evaluated at 0.5 BTC consistently. Notwithstanding, presently, it is accessible at a one-time cost extending from $89 to $1999 with the most elevated arrangement offering a bigger number of highlights than th
submitted by restpage123 to digitalseo [link] [comments]

Survey/Questions for “successful” traders

I’ve been trading 3 years now, and don’t consider myself a succesful (consistently profitable in live markets over at least x months/years) FX trader. However, I’m not going to give up. I am confident it will work out.
Every now and then I stop believing it’s possible to be a long-term successful discretionary technical forex trader. Which has spurred this set of questions for self-defined “successes” in these markets.
I’m aware a bunch of people may answer these who don’t have the qualifications to do so (me, for example), but I think all answers will offer some value,
Here goes:
1. How long did it take you to “get it” - to have a strategy that you felt and could prove (via forward testing results of 6 months +) worked and you could implement? 2. During that time, how many strategies did you rigorously test and discard? 3. How many hours a week roughly did you put in? 4. Were you completely on your own? Did you have a mentor who was already a succesful trader? Did you sign up to any courses? What other resources did you use? 5. What do you believe, of your above answers, was the most important resource? 6. Did you ultimately come to the conclusion that whatever strategy you used had to be developed internally, rather than received from an external source? 7. Did you manually backtest your eventual working strategy or just forward test in live data? How many trades minimum did you consider a meaningful data set with which to judge a strategy’s performance? 8. What was it, in the end, that made you think you had “got it”? 9. Did you always believe that making a career out of forex trading was possible? Were there periods of doubt? 
submitted by 3velar to Forex [link] [comments]

Forex Trend Trading - The Trend is Your Friend

Electronic currency trading is fast becoming Forex Millennium Review a widely popular forex investment venture. This is where you use the Internet and a few software applications to go about your daily forex data providers are hooked up to an electronic forex trading platform. These providers send out forex data including historical foreign exchange information good for forex backtesting, alerts, signals and news.

There are computer applications which can aid you in your trades. These have preconfigured systems which handle trade decisions and predictions based on its updated database of current forex information sent by the electronic currency trading platform itself or any of the forex data providers in its list. The built-in systems of these computer programs are also designed to interact with the decisions, trading styles and predictions of beta users, prioritizing stored user data with the least percentage of trade losses in comparison to its current forex database information. Also, most of these beta testers are popular forex specialists and investment advisers.

To profit from your ECurrency trading ventures, you need to identify the best platform to use. Ask around for advice from your friends and colleagues with knowledge and experience in electronic forex trading.Also consult reputable sources of information about these platforms and software applications. These can include popular forex specialists, finance advisers and investment consultants.

Make sure that your computer is free from malicious programs which can steal your private information. This can be a bigger problem, especially if your forex trading applications and the platforms where you go about your daily trades are compromised. You may not even know that your computer is already sending out confidential data, related to your forex trading ventures or otherwise, to predesignated servers, all while you're using these electronic currency trading platforms.

https://discountdevotee.com/forex-millennium-review/
submitted by adamssmith8754 to u/adamssmith8754 [link] [comments]

After 9 months of obsession, here is my open source Node.js framework for backtesting forex trading strategies

TL;DR There's lots more to the story. But the code is all open source now. Have at it. I'm too exhausted to continue with this. If you'd like more details, feel free to message me. If you happen to carry on with this project or use any ideas from it, I would greatly appreciate it if you could keep in touch on your findings. If anyone has any insights, please feel free to comment or message me.
I've spent the last nine months working furiously on this. I started a project for backtesting strategies against data I exported from MetaTrader. I had a very powerful computer crunching numbers constantly, trying to find the most optimal configuration of strategy indicator inputs that would results in the highest win rate and profit possible.
Eventually, after talking with a data scientist, I realized my backtesting optimizer was suffering from something called overfitting. He then recommend using the k-fold cross-validation technique. So, I modified things (in the "k-fold" forex-backtesting branch), and in fact it provided very optimistic results when backtested against MetaTrader data (60 - 70% win rate for 3 years). However, I had collected 3 months of data from a trading site (by intercepting their Web Socket data), and when I performed validation tests against that data using the k-fold results created from the MetaTrader data, I only got a ~57% win rate or so. In order to break even with Binary Options trading, you need at least a 58% win rate. So in short, the k-fold optimization results produce a good result when validation tested against data exported from MetaTrader, but they do not produce a good result when validation tested against the trading site's data.
I have two theories on why this ended up not working with the trading site's data:
For the strategy I use the following indicators: SMA (Simple Moving Average), EMA (Exponential Moving Average), RSI (Relative Strength Index), Stochastic Oscillator, and Polynomial Regression Channel. forex-backtesting has an optimizer which tries hundreds of thousands of combinations of values for each of these indicators, combined, and saves the results to a MongoDB database. It can take days to run depending on how many configurations there are.
Basically the strategy tries to detect price reversals and trade with those. So if it "thinks" the price is going to go down within the next five minutes, it places a 5 minutes PUT trade. The Polynomial Regression Channel indicator is the most important indicator; if the price deviates outside the upper or lower value for this indicator (and other indicators meet their criteria for the strategy), then a trade is initiated. The optimizer tries to find the best values for the upper and lower values (standard deviations from the middle regression line).
Additionally, I think it might be best to enter trades at the 59th or 00th second of each minute. So I have used minute tick data for backtesting.
Also, I apologize that some of the code is messy. I tried to keep it clean but ended up hacking some of it in desperation toward the end :)
gulpfile.js is a good place to start as far as figuring out how to use the tools available. Look through the available tasks, and see how various "classes" are used ("classes" in quotes because ES5 doesn't have real class support).
The best branches to look at are "k-fold" and "master", and "validation".
One word of advice: never, ever create an account with Tradorax. They will call you every other day, provide very bad customer support, hang up the phone on you, and they will make it almost impossible to withdraw your money.
submitted by chaddjohnson to algotrading [link] [comments]

Looking for trading platform with a public API

Hello
I'm a software developer new to investing. I have invested into an index but currently I'm interested in testing if I could develop swing trading strategies that are profitable in the long term. I'm thinking of starting with forex trading. My plan would be to create my own software that integrates into a trading platform so that I can easily generate charts that I need myself etc. I'm nowhere near ready to invest sufficient amounts of money yet, so I will be just backtesting and simulating trading for probably quite a while. Now I'm at the stage that I'm looking for a trading platform that would fill these requirements:
I have found TrueFX that offers forex data but heard their data might have some issues. Namely it lacks volume information and some data is missing. Interactive Broker's API seems good but they have a pretty high minimum balance requirement.
Thanks!
submitted by Dimplexion to investing [link] [comments]

Some basic algo trading questions on platform and data sources

Hi algoTrading,
I'm new to algorithmic trading, and was hoping to get some advice on how to get set up. My questions fall into two categories, first, what platforms do you guys use for backtesting, and second, where do you get your data from.
First, to clarify what I mean by 'platform'. I am looking for a mechanism which will enable me to (relatively) easily go from idea to backtest. For instance, in quantopian, you can write a strategy, and backtest it. The backtest will generate relevant metrics, and you do not have to worry about the code linking the strategy to the data. Additionally, if the platform allowed for more robust testing, like walk forward testing, and monte carlo analysis, that would be ideal.
I have seen two websites in particular, which seem to be popular. Quantconnect, and Quantopian. Now, I have looked into both of these, and I am not sure they are what I am after. First, I am a little skeptical of putting out algo's which I have poured my time hard work into, on sites which execute the code remotely. Second, I am more interested in derivatives trading than stock trading. If I were to use an online platform, I would prefer one which included data on Options/Futures/Forex. Additionally, while the language isn't a huge deal, I have experience in Java, and am learning Python for data Science applications. If there were a platform which let me use Python or Java, that would be ideal.
Second is the data source. This is a little redundant for online platforms, like quantopian, which are already integrated with the data. However, I have also been looking at Amibroker, which is executed locally on your computer, and does not come bundled with data. I have seen that you can get some data from IB, thinking about switching over to them, just for their data feeds. But really, the data I am interested in would be 1) EOD options data. 2) intra day futures/forex data. 3) intraday stocks/indexes/ETF data.
I am willing to pay for tools/data if necessary, but would prefer to keep costs as minimal as possible, as I am a losing trader with a day job.
Thanks in advance!
submitted by IAmBoredAsHell to algotrading [link] [comments]

Welcome to AITrading Universe! We help traders to earn more. We help people to trade easily.

The Global financial market is one of the largest markets on the Planet! The total volume is 400 trillion USD and growing! Our mission is to provide equal opportunity for community to participate in it.
Our main features: Machine Analytics AI-based analytical engine discovers hundreds of trading ideas in real time by monitoring unusual trading activity, recognizing patterns, making quantitative analysis. It selects and suggests the most relevant trading ideas (based on visuals like support lines or trend lines) to a user considering his/her preferences and risk tolerance.
Based on selected trading idea, the AI engine develops trading strategies with balanced profit/risk level. A user chooses a strategy, evaluate it with backtesting, and then just follow the accepted trading strategy. With this analytical engine, users can create personal investment portfolio.
Users can employ both technical and fundamental analysis as well as non-traditional BigData sources, such as sentiment data for AI-powered analysis. In addition, it grants access to AI engine analytical functionality (AI-as-a-service, AIaaS) to third parties.
Marketplace & Community AITrading reveals like-minded traders and helps them to communicate with each other, discuss and share ideas, make joint decisions, etc. It establishes a marketplace where successful traders and third parties can offer trading ideas and strategies, propose copy-trading service to a wide spectrum of AITrading users who eventually constitute our marketplace and community.
It provides a blockchain based smart contract system and own currency. A blockchain wallet is built in each trader’s account. The system offers a partnership program for the most successful traders and third party providers who can contribute the joint success of everybody in our community.
Modern Interface AITrading strives to enrich user experience providing intuitive and user-friendly interface (especially for new users) in web version and mobile app. Our team makes every effort to provide a “one-click” approach with the help of one of partner brokers: a user can accept a trading idea and strategy, and place an order in just one click. Our interface offers natural language recognition and application of chat-bots for processing analytical and trading requests.
Trading Infrastructure AITrading empowers user trading infrastructure by offering connection to leading cryptocurrency, forex, commodity, and equity exchanges at one platform with the help of our partner brokers. Users can choose a broker organization to place an order. The blockchain based ledger logs all trading requests and operations.
Interesting? Exciting? Soon more information to come.
More articles here https://medium.com/aitrading/welcome-to-aitrading-universe-f8edd9c8da11
FB page https://www.facebook.com/AITrading-602406400121102/
Twitter https://twitter.com/aitrading_com
submitted by aitrading to u/aitrading [link] [comments]

Do you think someone will buy my C++ source code of a backtest/trade system?

Hi all,
This is not an AD, but I'm asking your opinion whether someone may be interested in my system, or whehter it's worth that I do some work to find a buyer. This is a backtesting and trade system, not strategy.
Main functions and features: * Written in C++, using Qt framework. Can run on Windows, Linux, and Mac. * Console program, very fast. * Currently only support Forex, but it's easy to extend to support other markets, such as Stock. * Backtesting. Candle bar based backtesting. It's not difficult to support tick based backtesting. * Optimization. Currently only brute force is supported, but it's quite easy to plug in other methods. * Walkforward testing. * Multiple threading. OpenMp is used for multithreading, each backtesting task is allocated on a CPU core. * One robot can use multiple instruments and multiple time frames. * Live trading system. Currently Oanda REST API is implemented. One robot can place buy/sell order on different account, to avoid no-hedging limitation. I have used it on my live account, and it works well. * Any more trade platforms should be able to be integrated to the system, such as FIX, but I didnt do any investigation yet. * Some indicators are included. MA, RSI, MACD, PSAR, etc, using ta_lib. New indicators can be developed easily. * Dukascopy data download. Incremental download tick data from Dukascopy, very fast. * Oanda data download. Using Oanda REST API, incremental, very fast. * Simple charting. So the report contains a balance chart, very intuitive. * Some other features, such as convert Dukascopy tick data to internal candle binary data, convert candle data to MT4 CSV, etc. * Unit testing. Some key components are unit tested. * High quality code. I'm an experienced developer. You can check my code quality and style from my open source C++ library, cpgf, on github, though it's not finance related. * Very good performance. The bar based backtesting system is highly optimized. * Since the architecture is good, the system can be used as either a program or a library. * About 50K lines of C++ code. * I spent about one year partial time on it.
My question is, do you think anyone will be interested to buy my source code? And how much do you think I should charge for? Or beside selling the source code, what do you think I can do to earn some money via the system? My original purpose developing such a system is to use by myself, but I'm not sure when I can find a good strategy to earn some money for me.
Thanks
submitted by wqking to algotrading [link] [comments]

[xpost /r/stats]New book for backtesting trading strategies - would appreciate help

If you use R's quantstrat packages I would appreciate any help you can offer with a new open-source project I am working on:
Backtesting Strategies in R.
The book is designed to provide information beyond the PDF's demo's and help files as I want to explain how things work, what the functions mean and what the limitations are.
In addition I wanted to get a little into analyzing the data and ensuring accuracy (Ch. 6) and obtaining faster resources such as AWS (Ch. 11).
Some things I need help with:
I would appreciate any help provided and will contributors to the credits.
submitted by timtrice to algotrading [link] [comments]

Best/Cheapest source of live ECN market data feed (FIX API)

Hey guys. Awesome sub you got here. I'm a software engineer and I'm interested in learning more about the forex markets. Before I put any real money down, I want to analyze the data and come up with some hypotheses and backtest them.
I'm looking for a live data feed of prices, volume, market depth, etc that I can use for the analysis.
Do you guys know of a cheap/free source of such data? It needs to be ECN data or as close as possible. And historical data would be nice but not necessary, I'm looking more for a live feed.
I've look at various ECN brokers but they only offer their FIX API to institutional investors with hundreds of millions of USD in trades per month.
The cheapest I've seen is Interactive Brokers, but their minimum account balance is USD10k.
Please let me know if you know of other brokers or have any other ideas about attaining this kind of data.
Thanks
submitted by drkenta to Forex [link] [comments]

New book for backtesting trading strategies - would appreciate help

If you use R's quantstrat packages I would appreciate any help you can offer with a new open-source project I am working on:
Backtesting Strategies in R.
The book is designed to provide information beyond the PDF's demo's and help files as I want to explain how things work, what the functions mean and what the limitations are.
In addition I wanted to get a little into analyzing the data and ensuring accuracy (Ch. 6) and obtaining faster resources such as AWS (Ch. 11).
Some things I need help with:
I would appreciate any help provided and will contributors to the credits.
submitted by timtrice to rstats [link] [comments]

Back-Testing Jam Session: Strategy and Forex Tester Installation - Forex Trading Strategy How to Forex backtest EA or indicator in Your Mt4 Forex platfrom or Tarminal (Tutorial ) Forex Historical Data: how to level up your Forex trading [3 types of the data revealed] Back-Testing Jam Session: Backtest Strategy and Test Plan - Forex Trading Strategy Forex Tester 4 Quick Start Guide for Backtesting - YouTube How to Back Test on MT4 using Soft4fx Forex Trading ... Metatrader Forex Indicator  Visual Backtesting – Historical Data

Python is another free open-source and cross-platform language which has a rich library for almost every task imaginable and a specialized research environment. Execution speed is more than sufficient for intraday traders trading on the time scale of minutes and above. Process of Backtesting. After finalizing the decisions mentioned above, we can move ahead and create a trading strategy to be ... However, if there is third party data that you would like to use, then you can upload that into Forex Tester to. It really is the best solution. TradingView gives you instant access to data from multiple Forex brokers, which is awesome. But you cannot upload your own data, so that's why it's at number 2. Usability for Manual Backtesting. Forex ... How to store financial market data for backtesting. M. Emmanuel. Jan 26, 2019 · 10 min read. I am working on moderately large financial price data sets. By moderately large I mean less than 4 million rows per asset. 4 million rows can cover the last 20 years of minute price bars done by a regular asset without extended trading hours — such as index futures contracts or regular cash stocks ... more precise backtesting results: it is extremely important for trading strategies that depend even on small price fluctuations ; daily updates: you can even backtest the yesterday’s data; 5-digits historical data; On top of all these benefits, our VIP data package provides you with the tick-by-tick data with floating spread. By purchasing this package, you receive the most detailed price ... Forex backtesting shows you the validity of your strategy and gives you the information you need to make it better. Even more importantly, it helps you understand your strategy and what you can expect from it. The latter is crucial because no matter how awesome an analyst you become, you will never be able to anticipate the future with certainty. However, if you know what you can expect in the ... Forex backtesting software is a type of program that allows traders to test potential trading strategies using historical data. The software recreates the behaviour of trades and their reaction to a Forex trading strategy, and the resulting data can then be used to measure and optimise the effectiveness of a given strategy before applying it to real market conditions. Backtesting.py. Backtest trading strategies with Python. Project website. Documentation. Installation $ pip install backtesting Usage from backtesting import Backtest, Strategy from backtesting.lib import crossover from backtesting.test import SMA, GOOG class SmaCross (Strategy): def init (self): price = self. data. Close self. ma1 = self. I ...

[index] [13083] [11161] [22650] [8621] [16850] [15499] [14331] [20660] [11681] [3634]

Back-Testing Jam Session: Strategy and Forex Tester Installation - Forex Trading Strategy

Forex historical data is a must for backtesting and trading. Forex data can be compared to fuel and software that uses this data is like an engine. Without high qualitative tick data suite, it is ... Source videos View attributions ; Show more Show less. Loading... Autoplay When autoplay is enabled, a suggested video will automatically play next. Up next How to use the Strategy Tester in MT4 ... Metatrader visual backtesting guide with custom indicators. Test new forex trading strategies before trading on a real account. Step by step guide of MetaTrader strategy tester, how to download ... Hey everyone, this is another Forex simulator tutorial that is similar to the tutorial I did last week on FX Blue. This one has a few more features such as r... Forex Tester is all about maximizing your profits (by choosing and optimizing your strategies) and saving time. One of many details surrounding the project is that it will boost your efficiency. Backtesting software simulates your strategy on historical data and provides a backtesting report, which allows you to conduct proper trading system analysis. If you are new to forex trading and ... Try the free Forex Tester 4 demo here: https://tradr.cc/fxt In this video, I'll show you how ... Learn the fastest way to start backtesting with Forex Tester 4.

http://binaryoptiontrade.idanenadtati.cf